Top hair diseases and conditions

The human hair comes in different styles. While some might be short and straight other might be long and wavy, curly and unmanageable, smooth and shining, or any combination of these. There is a wide variety of lengths, styles, colours, and textures available for hair. In spite of this, virtually everyone will, at some point in their lives, experience at least one hair problem, and this is true regardless of the type of hair that they have. This article addresses some of the most prevalent concerns regarding one’s hair, ranging from hair loss to thinning hair. Next we will tell you what are the most common hair diseases and conditions.

  1. Hair disease and condition: Hair Loss

Hair loss and thinning hair are widespread among women even though they have historically been considered an issue for men. Stress, medications, shifting hormones, and even menopause can lead to female hair loss. Numerous hair styling tools (chemicals/excessive heat) can also exacerbate hair loss. Hair often experiences a predictable growth cycle.

The hair develops throughout the anagen period, which can span two to six years or more. The rest of the hair for roughly three months during the telogen period. The hair falls out and is replaced by new hair at the conclusion of the telogen period. Factors that leads to hair loss may include:

  • Medications such as antidepressants, NSAIDs, retinoids, blood thinners, high blood pressure medications, birth control pills and other hormonal treatments, chemotherapy, and radiation are some other medical disorders that can result in excessive hair loss.
  • Virulent infections
  • Major Surgery
  • Thyroid that is overactive or underactive
  • Hormonal issues
  • Extreme stress
  • Autoimmune conditions like lupus
  • Scalp infections caused by fungi
  • Pregnancy
  • Chemical exposure to thallium, boron, and arsenic
  • Anemia due to a lack of iron

Hair loss can also result from some hair care habits, such as wearing tight weaves or ponytails or frequently bleaching or perming the hair. A wig or cap can be worn to conceal hair loss until the hair grows back, but hair transplants are a more long-term hair replacement option. Both men and women can be treated with the topical medication minoxidil (Rogaine), which is sold without a prescription. Also, cortisone injections can also aid in the regrowth of hair loss due to specific conditions.

  1. Hair disease and condition: Dandruff

Dandruff is the cause of white flakes that appear on the scalp. This is a benign skin ailment that does not cause inflammation and affects the scalp. If left untreated, it might cause hair loss. There is dry dandruff and there is also oily dandruff. Winter is the season most likely to cause dry scalp since dry air and hot water both work to remove the natural oils that are produced by the scalp.

Also, when the glands in the scalp produce an excessive amount of sebum, it can lead to oily dandruff. This type of dandruff is characterised by sebum and dust flakes that build on the scalp. White flakes in the hair and scalp are one of the signs of dandruff. Other symptoms include itching on the scalp, a dry scalp, and redness on the scalp as a result of constant scratching or irritation. More so, washing your hair less frequently can lead to dandruff since washing your hair removes the dirt and extra oil that builds up on the scalp during the course of the day.

It’s important to wash your hair on a regular basis to prevent hair damage and conditions like dandruff. Use of a hair mask is one of the treatment options for dandruff. A head massage with herbal oil is very effective in treating dry dandruff. However, in order to treat oily dandruff, it is necessary to wash your hair at least twice or three times a week with herbal shampoo. This will help keep the scalp clean and healthy.

  1. Hair disease and condition: Hair Damage

Regular blow-drying, straightening, highlighting, and perming may do serious damage to hair, leaving it fragile, damaged, and difficult to manage. Over-styling can result in split ends and dry hair, to name just two effects. Split ends, which happen when the outermost, protective layer of hair (the cuticle) is harmed and peels back. This can be brought on by excessive styling and heat.

Some factors that contribute to hair damage include over-washing, using harsh shampoos, over-drying with a blow-dryer, curling iron, or straightening iron, as well as exposure to the sun, wind, and dry air. Others include hair colours and perms, bad diet, and specific drugs. Brushing your hair softly with a flexible, soft brush is one way to treat split ends and avoiding of towel drying. If you choose to use a towel to dry your hair, rub it gently. Finally, apply conditioner and leave on a deep conditioner once a week.

  1. Hair condition: Greasy Hair

Sebum is a naturally occurring oil that may be found on the scalp and contributes to the lubrication and moisture retention of the skin. Sebaceous glands are the organs responsible for producing sebum. Sometimes these glands work too hard and create an excessive amount of oil, which can cause the scalp to become greasy. Hair that is greasy might appear lifeless, limp, and uninteresting, and it may be more difficult to style. Washing your hair with a mild shampoo that is designed to reduce the production of sebum is an effective method for treating oily hair.

  1. Hair condition: Premature Greying

It is a condition in which the hair begins to grey at a younger age than is typical. Grey hair is seen as a symbol of wisdom and experience by many people. Others, however, would rather not have it because grey hair is often more fragile and difficult to control than other types of strands of hair. Before the age of 20 or 30, some people find that their hair colour has changed to grey or white. A number of factors, including stress, heredity, and tobacco use, can lead to premature greying.

Toxins included in cigarettes have an adverse effect on hair follicles, resulting in greying of the hair. The generation of melanin also decreases with smoking. Consumption of vitamin B-12 is recommended as one of the therapy choices since this vitamin restores a healthy balance to the production of melanin in the hair follicles. Consuming a nutritious diet that is high in nuts and green leafy vegetables in addition to foods that are rich in iron, copper, and catalase is another effective way of treating premature greying.

  1. Hair disease:Hair Breakage

When the overlapping scales that make up hair strands become brittle for whatever reason, it can lead to breakage at any point along the strands of hair. Split ends, short strands of hair, dry and brittle hair, and a rough texture are some of the signs that you may be suffering from hair breakage. Heat styling from styling products, which causes the hair to become dry and brittle, is one of the factors that contributes to hair breaking. Additionally, hair that is thin or otherwise weak contributes to its fragility, which makes it more prone to breakage.

Dryness and the chemicals that are used in hair dyes, shampoos, and other items that are used to care for the hair can also be factors that cause damage to the hair and breakage. In order to treat hair breakage, it is important to condition one’s hair. It is necessary to condition one’s hair by applying hair masks using aloe vera, hibiscus flowers, honey, yoghurt, or any of the other herbs or natural items that condition your hair and offer moisture to it. Other methods include getting frequent haircuts and massaging your scalp with a combination of castor oil and essential oils in order to improve the flow of blood to the hair’s roots and feed it with sustenance.

  1. Dry Hair

Dry hair is defined as hair lacking moisture and natural oils. Some signs of dry hair include split ends, which typically appear in dry and unhealthy hair, and dry flakes caused by a lack of oil in the scalp. Other signs include hair loss, knotted hair, and harsh texture: The Vata-Kapha Dosha imbalance influences the production of sebum in the hair, which causes it to become dry and brittle.

Other factors that contribute to dry hair include constant heat exposure, poor blood circulation, nutritional inadequacies, over-washing, and the use of hard water. Always massage your scalp with natural oils to treat dry hair, and consume a diet high in nuts, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Utilizing chemical-free products and hair masks are other therapeutic choices.

  1. Hair Thinning

Both men and women frequently experience this issue. Hair thinning and baldness can result from excessive hair loss. Hair loss and bald patches on the scalp are a couple of the signs of thinning hair. Pitta Dosha imbalance, hereditary, and medical conditions—diseases including thyroid and cancer—can all lead to hair thinning. Others include stress, a bad diet, and tight haircuts. It’s crucial to massage castor oil and essential oils through the hair to address hair thinning. Maintain a healthy diet is also another way to treat hair thinning. Consume foods rich in protein, iron, zinc, folic acid, biotin, omega-3 fatty acids, and other nutrients to treat hair thinning.


In spite of the fact that problems with one’s hair will undoubtedly differ from person to person, it is possible to simply fix these most frequent hair concerns by adhering to these straightforward measures. You won’t have to worry about your hair problems for much longer, and before you know it, you’ll be well on your way to having a full and healthy hair! You always have the option of getting your hair done at a hair transplant clinic or surgeon.

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